TIFF

This format is an example of a very universal graphics format, which brings with it, however, great complexity and diversity in the of reading of this format. Together with the formats JPEG and PNG, it is an international standard for coding static images. This format underwent relatively large development. Its large scalability means that only a few programs can display all permitted variants of this graphics format.

    The file contains three types of block:

Abbreviation English meaning Meaning
H Header The header of the file
IFD Image File Directory Description of the importance of image data
I Image data Data of the image


Whereas 'H' occurs in the file only once, the 'IFD' and 'I' blocks can be repeated.

    The latest version, TIFF 6.0, supports data storage, where every 'tile' can be processed separately (meaning to arrange, to change); which is very effective when you have a scanned picture of a very large size (say, 100 MB or more) and you want to edit only a section of it. These tiles can be compressed through permitted compression procedures, regardless of how neighboring tiles are compressed. This format is used for professional uses.

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